Did you know that THE ASSASSINATION OF ARCHDUKE FERDINAND WAS JUST THE SLIGHTEST IMMEDIATE TRIGGER NEEDED TO BRING THE POLITICAL EQUATIONS & INTENTIONS IN OPEN ?
There was much more besides the assassination theory:
- Rivalries between the nations
- Militarism on heights
- Nationalism to support war
- War Plans itching to be tried
Between 28.06.1914 to 04.08.1914, MUCH happened behind the scenes.
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian throne in Sarajevo was shot by a Serb nationalist, Gavrilo Princip. The Austrians saw the murder as a perfect pretext to crush Serbia.
Kaiser Wilhelm [William] II assured Austria of Germany’s support in whatever measures she took against Serbia, the so-called “Blank Cheque”.
Austria presented Serbia with an ultimatum and she was given 48 hours to reply. Although the text was approved on the July 19 it was decided to delay its presentation until the state visit of the French President and Prime Minister to Russia was finished. This was done to prevent the French and Russians from co-coordinating their response. It was presented when the French delegation had left Russia and was at sea.
The Serbs agreed to all of the Austrian demands bar one. The Austrians were so surprised by the humility of the Serbian reply that the foreign minister hid it for 2 days from the Germans. The Kaiser commented that the reply was “a great moral victory for Vienna, but with it, every reason for war disappears.”
Austria rejected the Serbian reply and declared war. The Russians ordered a partial mobilization of their troops against Austria in defense of Serbia.
The Austrians shelled Belgrade.
Russia ordered general mobilization. Crisis escalated. British attempts at mediation failed.
The Germans presented an ultimatum to Russia to halt her mobilization within 12 hours. She also presented one to France in which she was asked to promise to stay neutral and to hand over border fortresses as guarantee. (the Germans knew the French would never agree!)
AND ONCE THE MILITARY MACHINE MOBILISED,THE GENERALS TOOK OVER FROM THE DIPLOMATS.
1 August Germany declared war on Russia. France ordered general mobilization.
2 August Germany demanded from the Belgians the right to send troops through their country. The Belgians refused.
3 August Germany declared war on France and its troops entered Belgium. The British sent an ultimatum to the Germans calling for the evacuation of Belgium.
4 August Britain declared war on Germany.
Browse http://www.c-infiniti.in for more interesting facts on World War One.